?{AN!!OAaoa!Aa!A
3sAwa!Aa!Aao!!OA,1ia!Aao?{AN!!OAa?|h?O?
 
1. DNA
a!A|3?C?Q?K-O?V|aAe,|O?H�FFDu|3�FFD|?Q??-O,cO�FFDHa!A!AaAc!|T�FFDX?�FFG|PAe??,?p|U�FFDu|3?-|T�FGgS|p?a!|x?jaoaU????,?ScI?O?j|U?naU????Ae?j?@|E?T?Q-?ao|eAAav?u!C
 
2. 2!|!Pu
a!Aa!A?O|aa?ao,?�FFG1L!Le-I1i�FFDu?u?n?HAt!OO?U,|]?�FFX!Le-I-i�FFD??O|bc]?!?!�FFXEao,|y|U!Oq!MoAH?HAt�FFDI?!?!!O?a,?~?Y-n|b�FFDO?N?u!!O@,|O!Le-I2!|!Puao?o!|1Ae?n?HAtao?p!La-?,cO�FFDH1i�FGgJ!Aa?O?@!Ae,?O?@|W?jan�FGgo!CAo�FGgMa!Aa!Aao�FGgo?O?�FFG?I?HAt,|y!Le-Iao�FGgo3�FFD?d3o?UAi,?HAt|3180?!N,|Oa!Aa!A?h|3250|U290?!N!C
 
3. A�FFDA!O
?Hao|O|!P|3??!Oo|U|!N,!Aa!!OPA_!Li?Q??-O?e|iaoAn-�FGg!LO!P?,!LC?iA�FFD!L�FFG?G?Q?dcP(KHz)ao?W-�FGgai,|Oa!A?h|3?Q�FFD|!Oo|U|!N!Aa!!OPA_!Li?T?Q?G-O,?e|iaoAn-�FGg!LO!P?,!LC?i!AaA�FFD!L�FFG?@|E?G?Q?dcP(KHz)ao?W-�FGgai!CcO�FFDH,a!AcOA�FFD!L�FFGao-�FGgAW?n?N?HAt�FFXa!La-?,aQ1?a!AcOA�FFD!Liao�FFXa-�FGgAW?P?s?@?E,|O!Mt!!OB!AC?u,!|N�FFDiA�FFD!Li3!P|b2?�FFXEao!!OC-�FGgAW,!Oq|O1w!|u!Li3!P!OYao�FFDX2{!C?�FFG1L,a!A?P?HAt?@�FFX_�FFDI?!?a,!Le-Iao!M�FFG3UAY?p?F30%,|O3o30%�FFDD-n?O-t3d?a|Oao3!�FFD!O,cO�FFDH?�FGg?Naoa!Aa!A?n!MuAo!C
 
4. ?aA!O
?H|3?G?d!MU-O?aA!O2O-M,|Oa!Aa!A?h�FFD?|3?G?o?K?d!MU-O!a!Aao?aA!O|b-!O!LAAt�FFXEa????O-oc}?@?uao,!Le-I!Aa?a!Li?-|E???O�FFDH�FFD~aoRe!Ly,!Aa�FFX!O?Pa!A?Y?oao�FFDIa?,�FFDu|3AA3?cM?1?o!C
a!Aa!Aao?o?l!Mg!O`3�FFG?OAaAaao,-i|]?OAa?!N?e?K!Le-I|??�FFX?I?O ?!!O?e?a!LiaoRe!Ly,|O!Le-I�FFDI|TAY?Q?o?l?O!PQ?O?u?o?lAa?icM?�FFDh?!!O?e|??�FFXaoRe!Ly!C
 
5. ?u?|

a!A|3�FFD|?Q?GAu?u?|,?H|b!La!P3?~?}cl�FFDI?u|Y?o,|Oa!A|b�FFDX�FFDI?a!La-O?ecI?!!O?e,?wA!|!Oo�FFDI?u?r!MH-1a??F!C

?u?|ao?A?q:
au?|(incisors) ?W6Au ?U6Au
?j?|(canines) ?W2Au ?U2Au
?e|Y?|(premolars) ?W8Au ?U8Au
|Y?|(molars) ?W4Au ?U4Au

 
6. !M}
a!A!LC?pRE�FFDi?]?T?Q?C!L?,|O?H!LC?pRE�FFDu�FFDi?]?G?Q?-!L?!|paG?HcMa!A?@�FFX_�FFXN�FFD[?nAE,?@cw?Oa!Aa!A!Oo?a-x!Ca!A�FFDu�FFDI!M}3k?]!LB,ca?u|]|1|O�FFXh?A,cO�FFDH1e?U?W�FFDu3N�FFD|�FFX|!M}3k!?�FFG1L,?�FFG?O!LCoOa!A!OU3�FFG?OA@!L?,?]|3!LC?O?w!L?ao,!LO|p�FFD_!LEa!A!B�FFX??u?u,?!N!La?O�FFX??u?u,|b�FFX??uRE!Le-I-??scn!!OC,cO�FFDH?HAt!!Oa!Le-I!!Oi!L}Ac!|T|U?�FGg?Nao�FGgu!M},|b3t?!N?e-!O!LeRU�FFD??�FFG13!ua!A!v!C
 
7. |~AO
a!A
?H
a!A
?H
a!A
?H
1-O?e
1.5!P3
5|~
36!P3
14|~
75!P3
2-O?e
3.5!P3
6|~
40!P3
15|~
79!P3
3-O?e
5!P3
7|~
45!P3
16|~
84!P3
6-O?e
10!P3
8|~
50!P3
17|~
88!P3
9-O?e
15!P3
9|~
55!P3
18|~
93!P3
1|~
18!P3
10|~
60!P3
19|~
98!P3
2|~
24!P3
11|~
63!P3
20|~
103!P3
3|~
28!P3
12|~
67!P3
21|~
108!P3
4|~
32!P3
13|~
71!P3
22|~
113!P3

 

 

 


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